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From Lithuania to Spain, fruits and vegetables are being stored and prices are plummeting, with EU farmers losing almost a third of its market.

 

 

Six weeks after Moscow responded to the EU sanctions against banks and Russian companies, banning all imports of fresh produce from Europe, producers of fruit and vegetables all over the continent are starting to feel the effects.

 

 

Events, trade fairs and exhibitions in the fruit and vegetable sector represent an unique opportunity to stay informed about sector trends, meet clients, growers, exporters, importers, suppliers and competitors, promote their products, establish new business relationships, keep up to date with new advances and solutions for your business, discover new varieties of fruits and vegetables…

For this reason from Infovegetables.com we would like to inform you about the most important events for this year 2014 and next year 2015 as well as encourage you and your company to attend.

 

Calendar of events in the fruit and vegetable sector for 2014

 

FRUIT ATTRACTION (SPAIN)

In the city of Madrid, from the 15th to 17th October 2014 and organized by the organization for trade fairs of Madrid (IFEMA) and the Spanish Federation of Associations of Producers and Exporters of Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers and Live Plants (FEPEX).

 

 

 

The distribution market is also experiencing merger operations in Germany.

In this sense, the retailer Edeka has acquired the Kaiser supermarket chain from the Tengelmann group, in a transaction to be completed in June 2015.

 

 

 

 

Today there are several research companies in the fruit and vegetable sector focus on improving pest resistance, get better productivity and quality of the products as well as the development of new high-quality varieties for being grown in both greenhouse and outdoors.

 

Here we present some of the most important.

 

My cubies snack cucumbers

 

My cubies is the snack cucumber with a surprising baby size that leaves no one indifferent.

With an approximate size between 8 and 11 cm and a weight, per fruit, at harvest maturity between 35 and 40 grams this cucumber is ideal for snacking.

 

 

 

My cubies snack cucumbers belong to the Quarto RZ F1 variety developed by the company Rijk Zwaan.

 

The Dutch agricultural productivity per hectare is 2.5 times higher than the European average, because of greenhouses of last generation like these Dutch farmers have been able to produce fruits, vegetables and flowers in a sustainable way.

 

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DUTCH GREENHOUSES, THE MOST PRODUCTIVE IN EUROPE

 

The Dutch agricultural productivity per hectare is 2.5 times higher than the European average, because of greenhouses of last generation like these Dutch farmers have been able to produce fruits, vegetables and flowers in a sustainable way.

 

 

The Westland region, "the region of glass" with more than 10,000 hectares of crops under glass produce 1.7 million tons of vegetables.

 

12% of the area is intended for growing tomatoes with a productivity that quadruples the average of 20 kg / square meter and year of Spanish greenhouses.

 

Wageningen University is specialized in research and development of agricultural technologies.

 

They work to get more productive crops with minimal environmental impact by combining advanced technologies in ventilation, humidity, irrigation, heating, lighting, fertilization and biological pest control.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Their most productive greenhouses are covered under a single crystal of very high transmission and also a very high thermal insulation allowing high transmission of light during the day and high thermal insulation during the night. In this way they can get an increase in production when using this type of glass diffusers.

 

The spread of the light beams is fundamental and increases the productivity up to 8%.

 

The more light, more and better tomatoes.

 

This need for light in Dutch greenhouses has lead to apply LED lamps more powerful, with lower energetic consumption and cheaper than conventional sodium lamps. Another advantage is that LEDs lamps do not emit much heat, so they can be placed closer to the plants.

 

 

The ultra climate system, a new system of forced ventilation that uses these tubes to cool and heat the greenhouse. They have fans at the back of the greenhouses that are connected to these pipes and through them insufflate air into the greenhouse in a control way. They also have an anti insect mesh, so insects can not enter through them which allow  to grow without pesticides.

 

In 2000 in the Netherlands was born the energetic cogeneration for greenhouses allowing us to produce heat and CO2 from natural gas for growing and electricity for the facilities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A widespread system in Holland that already produces 20% of the country's electricity as can be seen in this totally automated rose greenhouse.

 

 

A Dutch grower explains that he uses electricity to turn on the lights, the hot water of the co-generator is used to heat the greenhouse. Apart from that, from the generator recovers CO2 that is reused to fertilize plants. If he produces more electricity than he can use then he tries to sell it to the electric company.

 

Dutch peopple apply different energetic models aimed at sustainability and savings.

 

Another grower has invested 2 million euros in this orchid greenhouse with a system of pre Attic thermal accumulation using two aquifers placed at depths as great as 100 metres where is stored the heat of the summer for being used in winter and the cold of the winter for being used in summer and, in this way they get save up to 40% energy.

 

 

Another novelty is that this greenhouse powered by geothermal energy uses the temperature of the earth to get hot water and  gas producing 9000 tons of tomatoes annually.

 

 

Each geothermal greenhouse requires an investment of 10 million euros which is expected to be amortized in 15 years time.

 

 

CONCLUSION

 

Total climate control, reduction of energetic and labour costs, fertilization with CO2, closed circuit of water recycling and an increase in the quantity and quality of light result in these ultra productive and economically sustainable greenhouses.

 

 

The Dutch greenhouses are undoubtedly the main competence of our fruit and vegetable sector as well as a point of reference in technological efficiency.

 

On the other hand, Almerian greenhouses enjoy optimal climatic conditions with pleasant temperatures all year and the characteristics of our land allow us to be one of the European leading producers of fruits and vegetables without carrying out major technological investments.

 

However, we must invest in research and technology and adapt the agricultural advances to our greenhouses in order to get the maximum possible level of productivity and competitiveness.

 

Here I would like to share with you some key aspects about how the Almerian greenhouse of the future should be to get a greenhouse comparable to the Dutch one in terms of productivity although with significantly less economic investment.

 

The Almerian greenhouse of the future

 

-          High greenhouses to facilitate air circulation.

 

-          Curved lid that allows a good distribution of light inside the greenhouse, for example a multi-tunnel greenhouse with semicylindrical cover would be perfect.

 

-          A fully automated greenhouse that allow us a total climate control.

 

-          Double roof vent for ventilation and CO2 exchange.

 

-          Contribution of CO2 during the day and heating at night avoiding the fall of temperatures during the night and eliminating humidity. Heat would be transferred through polyethylene tubes with hot air as shown in the photograph.

 

 

From Infovegetables.com we hope you have enjoyed it and encourage you to share with us your comments, suggestions or opinions about this interesting subject.

 

More information:

http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/videos/agrosfera/agrosfera-laboratorio-ideas-invernaderos-holanda/2135511/

http://joseantonioarcos.wordpress.com/2014/02/17/invernaderos-de-alta-tecnologia-high-tech-greenhouses/

http://www.insemur.com/automatizacion%20de%20invernaderos.htm

http://joseantonioarcos.wordpress.com/category/investigacion-idi/iniciativa-privada/

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